chapter 7

Abbas, Tahir. 2013. “Political Culture and National Identity in Conceptualising the Gezi Park Movement.” Insight Turkey 15 (4): 19–27.

Åke Grönlund, Rebekah Heacock, David Sasaki, Johan Hellström, and Walid Al-Saqaf. 2010. Increasing Transparancy & Fighting Corruption through ICT: Empowering People & Communities. SPIDER ICTD Series #3. Stockholm: Universitetttervice US-AB. http://www.spidercenter.org/files/ICT4D_corruption.pdf.

Allan, Stuart. 2007. “Citizen Journalism and the Rise of ‘Mass Self-Communication’: Reporting the London Bombings.” Global Media Journal 1 (1): 1–20.

Arceneaux, Noah, and A. Schmitz Weiss. 2010. “Seems Stupid until You Try It: Press Coverage of Twitter, 2006-9.” New Media & Society 12 (8): 1262–79. doi:10.1177/1461444809360773.

Bar, François, Melissa Brough, S. Costanza-Chock, Carmen Gonzalez, Cara J. Wallis, and Amanda Garces. 2009. “Mobile Voices: A Mobile, Open Source, Popular Communication Platform for First-Generation Immigrants in Los Angeles.” In “Mobile 2.0: Beyond Voice?” Pre-Conference Workshop at the International Communication Association (ICA). Chicago, IL. http://lirneasia.net/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/final-paper_bar_et_al.pdf.

Bennett, W. Lance, and Alexandra Segerberg. 2012. “The Logic of Connective Action: Digital Media and the Personalization of Contentious Politics.” Information, Communication & Society 15 (5): 739–68. doi:10.1080/1369118X.2012.670661.

Bhana, Bhaveer, Stephen Flowerday, and Aharon Satt. 2013. “Using Participatory Crowdsourcing in South Africa to Create a Safer Living Environment.” International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks 2013: 1–13. doi:10.1155/2013/907196.

Boone, Jon. 2011. “Taliban Target Mobile Phone Masts to Prevent Tipoffs from Afghan Civilians.” GuardianUK Online. November 11. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/nov/11/taliban-targets-mobile-phone-masts.

Bratton, M. 2013. “Briefing: Citizens and Cell Phones in Africa.” African Affairs 112 (447): 304–19. doi:10.1093/afraf/adt004.

Breuer, Anita, and Jacob Groshek. 2014. “Online Media and Offline Empowerment in Post-Rebellion Tunisia: An Analysis of Internet Use During Democratic Transition.” Journal of Information Technology & Politics 11 (1): 25–44. doi:10.1080/19331681.2013.850464.

Castells, Manuel. 2009. Communication Power. Oxford University Press.

Castells, Manuel. 2012. Networks of Outrage and Hope: Social Movements in the Internet Age. Cambridge, UK: Polity. http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&btnG=Search&q=intitle:Networks+of+Outrage+and+Hope:+Social+Movements+in+the+Internet+Age#0.

Champanis, Michael, and Ulrike Rivett. 2012. “Reporting Water Quality.” In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development – ICTD ’12, 105–13. New York, New York, USA: ACM Press. doi:10.1145/2160673.2160688.

Chanan, Michael. 2012. “Video, Activism and the Art of Small Media.” Transnational Cinemas 2 (2): 217–26. doi:10.1386/trac.2.2.217_7.

Chiumbu, Sarah. 2012. “Exploring Mobile Phone Practices in Social Movements in South Africa – the Western Cape Anti-Eviction Campaign.” African Identities 10 (2). Routledge: 193–206. doi:10.1080/14725843.2012.657863.

Clark, Bev, and Brenda Burrell. 2009. “Freedom Fone: Dial-up Information Service.” In 2009 International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development, ICTD 2009 – Proceedings, 483. Washington, D.C.: IEEE. doi:10.1109/ICTD.2009.5426724.

Dahlberg, Lincoln. 2011. “Re-Constructing Digital Democracy: An Outline of Four ‘Positions.’” New Media & Society, no. February (February). doi:10.1177/1461444810389569.

De Souza e Silva, Adriana, and Daniel M. Sutko, eds. 2009. Digital Cityscapes. New York, New York, USA: Peter Lang.

Doron, Assa, and Robin Jeffrey. 2013. The Great Indian Phone Book: How the Cheap Cell Phone Changes Business, Politics, and Daily Life. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Earl, Jennifer, Heather McKee Hurwitz, Analicia Mejia Mesinas, Margaret Tolan, and Ashley Arlotti. 2013. “This Protest Will Be Tweeted: Twitter and Protest Policing during the Pittsburgh G20.” Information, Communication & Society 16 (4): 459–78. doi:10.1080/1369118X.2013.777756.

Elwood, Sarah, Michael F. Goodchild, and Daniel Z. Sui. 2012. “Researching Volunteered Geographic Information: Spatial Data, Geographic Research, and New Social Practice.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 102 (3): 571–90. doi:10.1080/00045608.2011.595657.

Farman, Jason. 2012. Mobile Interface Theory. Oxford: Routledge. http://www.lavoisier.fr/livre/notice.asp?id=OKRWASALS6OOWQ.

Farman, Jason. 2014. “Storytelling with Mobile Media.” In Routledge Companion to Mobile Media, edited by Gerard Goggin and Larissa Hjorth, 528–37. New York, New York, USA: Routledge.

Garrett, R. Kelly. 2006. “Protest in an Information Society: A Review of Literature on Social Movements and New ICTs.” Information, Communication & Society 9 (2): 202–24. doi:10.1080/13691180600630773.New.

Gergen, Kenneth J. 2002. “The Challenge of Absent Presence.” In Perpetual Contact: Mobile Communication, Private Talk, Public Performance, edited by James E. Katz and Mark A. Aakhus, 227–41. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Goggin, Gerard, and Jacqueline Clark. 2009. “Mobile Phones and Community Development: A Contact Zone between Media and Citizenship.” Development in Practice 19 (4-5). Routledge: 585–97. doi:10.1080/09614520902866371.

Gordon, Janey. 2007. “The Mobile Phone and the Public Sphere: Mobile Phone Usage in Three Critical Situations.” Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies 13 (3): 307–19. doi:10.1177/1354856507079181.

Graham, Mark, and Håvard Haarstad. 2013. “Open Development through Open Consumption: The Internet of Things, User-Generated Content and Economic Transparency.” In Open Development, edited by Matthew L. Smith and Katherine M. A. Reilly, 79–111. Cambridge, Mass., USA: MIT Press.

Graham, Mark. 2013. “The Virtual Dimension.” In Global City Challenges: Debating a Concept, Improving the Practice, edited by M. Acuto and W. Steele, 117–39. London: Palgrave.

Guillén, Diana. 2013. “Mexican Spring? #YoSoy132, the Emergence of an Unexpected Collective Actor in the National Political Arena.” Social Movement Studies 12 (4): 471–76. doi:10.1080/14742837.2013.830563.

Hahn, Hans Peter. 2012. “Mobile Phones and the Transformation of Society : Talking about Criminality and the Ambivalent Perception of New ICT in Burkina Faso.” African Identities 10 (2). Routledge: 37–41. doi:10.1080/14725843.2012.657862.

Halewood, Naomi J., and Priya Surya. 2012. “Mobilizing the Agricultural Value Chain.” In Information and Communications for Development 2012: Maximizing Mobile, edited by World Bank, 31–44. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Hellström, Johan, and Brooke Bocast. 2013. “Many ‘Likers’ Do Not Constitute A Crowd: The Case Of Uganda’s Not In My Country.” In ICT for Anti-Corruption, Democracy and Education in East Africa, edited by Katja Sarajeva, 27–36. Stockholm: Universitetsservice US-AB.

Hersman, Erik. 2014. “Sendy: Digitizing Motorcycle Deliveries.” Whiteafrican.com. September 23. http://whiteafrican.com/2014/09/23/sendy-digitizing-motorcycle-deliveries/.

Hjorth, Larissa, and Kay Gu. 2012. “The Place of Emplaced Visualities: A Case Study of Smartphone Visuality and Location-Based Social Media in Shanghai, China.” Continuum 26 (5). Routledge: 699–713. doi:10.1080/10304312.2012.706459.

Humphreys, Lee. 2010. “Mobile Social Networks and Urban Public Space.” New Media & Society 12 (5): 763–78. doi:10.1177/1461444809349578.

Hussain, Muzammil M., and Philip N. Howard. 2013. “What Best Explains Successful Protest Cascades? ICTs and the Fuzzy Causes of the Arab Spring.” International Studies Review 15 (1): 48–66. doi:10.1111/misr.12020.

Janaagraha. 2014. “Asked for a Bribe? Stay Calm and Report It.” Website. February 25. http://www.ipaidabribe.com/mobile.

Jurgenson, Nathan. 2012. “When Atoms Meet Bits: Social Media, the Mobile Web and Augmented Revolution.” Future Internet 4 (1): 83–91. doi:10.3390/fi4010083.

Katz, James E., and Chih-Hui Lai. 2014. “Mobile Locative Media.” In Routledge Companion to Mobile Media, edited by Gerard Goggin and Larissa Hjorth, 53–62. New York, New York, USA: Routledge.

Khmelko, Irina, and Yevgen Pereguda. 2014. “An Anatomy of Mass Protests: The Orange Revolution and Euromaydan Compared.” Communist and Post-Communist Studies 47 (2): 227–36. doi:10.1016/j.postcomstud.2014.04.013.

Krohe Jr., James. 2013. “Not Your Daddy’s Taxi.” Planning 79 (5): 15–17.

Kumar, Arun, Nitendra Rajput, Sheetal Agarwal, Dipanjan Chakraborty, and Amit Anit Nanavati. 2008. “Organizing the Unorganized – Employing IT to Empower the under-Privileged.” In Proceeding of the 17th International Conference on World Wide Web – WWW ’08, 935–44. New York, New York, USA: ACM Press. doi:10.1145/1367497.1367623.

Kwon, K. Hazel, Yoonjae Nam, and Derek Lackaff. 2011. “Wireless Protesters Move Around: Informational and Coordinative Use of Information and Communication Technologies for Protest Politics.” Journal of Information Technology & Politics 8 (4): 383–98. doi:10.1080/19331681.2011.559743.

Leson, Heather. 2013. “Series: Monitoring Cirruption in Macedonia.” Ushahidi Blog. June 20. http://www.ushahidi.com/2013/06/20/series-monitoring-corruption-in-macedonia/.

Lupick, Tavis. 2012. “Africa’s Digital Election Trackers.” AlJazeera. December 12. http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2012/12/201212101152794146.html.

Makinen, Maarit, and Mary Wangu Kuira. 2008. “Social Media and Postelection Crisis in Kenya.” The International Journal of Press/Politics 13 (3): 328–35. doi:10.1177/1940161208319409.

Miard, Fabien. 2012. “Call for Power? Mobile Phones as Facilitators of Political Activism.” In Cyberspaces and Global Affairs, edited by Sean S. Costigan and Jake Perry, 119–44. Aldershot, United Kingdom: Ashgate.

Mills, John, Paul Egglestone, Omer Rashid, and Heli Väätäjä. 2012. “MoJo in Action: The Use of Mobiles in Conflict, Community, and Cross-Platform Journalism.” Continuum 26 (5). Routledge: 669–83. doi:10.1080/10304312.2012.706457.

Mittal, Manas, Wei Wu, Steve Rubin, Sam Madden, and Björn Hartmann. 2012. “Bribecaster.” In Proceedings of the ACM 2012 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work Companion – CSCW ’12, 171–74. New York, New York, USA: ACM Press. doi:10.1145/2141512.2141570.

Monterde, Arnau, and John Postill. 2014. “Mobile Ensembles: The Uses of Mobile Phones for Social Protest by Spain’s Indignados.” In Routledge Companion to Mobile Media, edited by Gerard Goggin and Larissa Hjorth, 429–38. Abingdon, United Kingdom: Routledge. http://civilsc.net/sites/default/files/Monterde-Postill-mobile-ensembles.pdf.

Morozov, Evgeny. 2011. The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom. New York: Public Affairs. http://books.google.com/books?id=T7XGC87jjCcC&pgis=1.

Mouzykantskii, Ilya. “Phone Charging Station #euromaidan.” Twitpic. http://twitpic.com/douqbf.

Mustafa, Yasacan. 2013. “Living with Taksim Gezi: A Photo Essay.” In Reflections on Taksim – Gezi Park Protests in Turkey, edited by Bülent Gökay and Ilia Xypolia, 2–30. Staffs, England: Keele University. http://www.keele.ac.uk/journal-globalfaultlines/publications/geziReflections.pdf.

Ndesanjo Macha. 2014. “Geo-Mapping Tools and Dat-Analysis Redefine Reporting in-Africa.” Global Voices. March 31. http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/03/31/geo-mapping-tools-and-data-analysis-redefine-reporting-in-africa/.

Neumayer, C., and G. Stald. 2014. “The Mobile Phone in Street Protest: Texting, Tweeting, Tracking, and Tracing.” Mobile Media & Communication 2 (2): 117–33. doi:10.1177/2050157913513255.

Njuguna, Jidraph, Darshan Santani, Tierra Bills, Aisha W. Bryant, and Reginald Bryant. 2014. “Citizen Engagement and Awareness of the Road Surface Conditions in Nairobi, Kenya.” In Proceedings of the Fifth ACM Symposium on Computing for Development – ACM DEV-5 ’14, 115–16. New York, New York, USA: ACM Press. doi:10.1145/2674377.2678267.

Overå, Ragnhild. 2006. “Networks, Distance, and Trust: Telecommunications Development and Changing Trading Practices in Ghana.” World Development 34 (7): 1301–15. doi:doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2005.11.015.

Palmer, Daniel. 2014. “Mobile Media Photograpy.” In Routledge Companion to Mobile Media, edited by Gerard Goggin and Larissa Hjorth, 245–55. New York, New York, USA: Routledge.

Palmer, Mark H, and Scott Kraushaar, eds. 2013. Crowdsourcing Geographic Knowledge. Crowdsourcing Geographic Knowledge: Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) in Theory and Practice. Amsterdam: Springer Netherlands. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-4587-2.

Pertierra, Raul, Eduardo F. Ugarte, Alicia Pingol, Joel Hernandez, and Nikos Lexis Dacanay. 2002. Txt-Ing Selves: Cellphones and Philippine Modernity. Manila, Philippines: De La Salle University Press. http://www.finlandembassy.ph/texting1.htm#contents.

Pierskalla, Jan H., and Florian M. Hollenbach. 2013. “Technology and Collective Action: The Effect of Cell Phone Coverage on Political Violence in Africa.” American Political Science Review 107 (2): 207–24. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003055413000075.

Pool, Ithiel de Sola. 1977. “Introduction.” In The Social Impact of the Telephone, edited by Ithiel de Sola Pool, 1–9. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Qiu, Jack Linchuan. 2007. “The Wireless Leash: Mobile Messaging Service as a Means of Control.” International Journal of Communication 1 (1): 18.

Qiu, Jack Linchuan. 2014. “Communication & Global Power Shifts ‘Power To the People!’: Mobiles, Migrants, and Social Movements in Asia.” International Journal of Communication 8. http://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/view/2076.

Raper, Jonathan, Georg Gartner, Hassan Karimi, and Chris Rizos. 2007. “A Critical Evaluation of Location Based Services and Their Potential.” Journal of Location Based Services 1 (1): 5–45. doi:10.1080/17489720701584069.

Reda, Azarias, Saurabh Panjwani, and Edward Cutrell. 2011. “Hyke.” In Proceedings of the 5th ACM Workshop on Networked Systems for Developing Regions – NSDR ’11, 15–20. New York, New York, USA: ACM Press. doi:10.1145/1999927.1999933.

Rheingold, Howard. 2002. Smart Mobs: The next Social Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books.

Rheingold, Howard. 2008. “Mobile Media and Political Collective Action.” In Handbook of Mobile Communication Studies, 225–29. Cambridge, Mass., USA: The MIT Press.

Richardson, Ingrid, and Larissa Hjorth. 2014. “Mobile Games: From Tetris to Foursquare.” In Routledge Companion to Mobile Media, edited by Gerard Goggin and Larissa Hjorth, 256–66. New York, New York, USA.

Russell, Jon. 2014. “Thailand’s Government Claims It Can Monitor The Country’s 30M Line Users.” TechCrunch. December 23. http://techcrunch.com/2014/12/23/thailand-line-monitoring-claim/.

Samarajiva, Rohan. 2005. “Policy Commentary: Mobilizing Information and Communications Technologies for Effective Disaster Warning: Lessons from the 2004 Tsunami.” New Media & Society 7 (6): 731–47. doi:10.1177/1461444805058159.

Schleser, Max. 2014. “A Decade of Mobile Moving-Image Practice.” In Routledge Companion to Mobile Media, edited by Gerard Goggin and Larissa Hjorth, 157–70. New York, New York, USA: Routledge.

Schoon, Alette. 2012. “Dragging Young People down the Drain: The Mobile Phone, Gossip Mobile Website Outoilet and the Creation of a Mobile Ghetto.” Critical Arts 26 (5): 690–706. doi:10.1080/02560046.2012.744723.

Sébastien Le Bel, David Chavernac, George Mapuvire, Guillaume Cornu. 2014. “FrontlineSMS as An Early Warning Network for Human-Wildlife Mitigation: Lessons Learned from Tests Conducted in Mozambique and Zimbabwe.” Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries 60. https://144.214.55.140/Ojs2/index.php/ejisdc/article/view/1256.

Sheller, Mimi. 2014. “Mobile Art: Out of Your Pocket.” In Routledge Companion to Mobile Media, edited by Gerard Goggin and Larissa Hjorth, 197–205. New York, New York, USA: Routledge.

Shirky, Clay. 2011. “The Political Power of Social Media.” Foreign Affairs 90 (1): 28–41. www.foreignaffairs.com/print/66987.

Smyth, Thomas N., and Michael L. Best. 2013. “Tweet to Trust.” In Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development Full Papers – ICTD ’13 – Volume 1, 133–41. New York, New York, USA: ACM Press. doi:10.1145/2516604.2516617.

Soto, Daniel, Edwin Adkins, Matt Basinger, Rajesh Menon, Sebastian Rodriguez-Sanchez, Natasha Owczarek, Ivan Willig, and Vijay Modi. 2012. “A Prepaid Architecture for Solar Electricity Delivery in Rural Areas.” In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development – ICTD ’12, 130–38. New York, New York, USA: ACM Press. doi:10.1145/2160673.2160691.

Staff Writer. 2012. “Boko Haram Destroys 25 Masts, Reportedly Kill 4 MTN Staff.” Balancing Act Africa. September 7. http://www.balancingact-africa.com/news/en/issue-no-621/telecoms/boko-haram-destroys/en.

Sullivan, John L. 2013. “Uncovering the Data Panopticon: The Urgent Need for Critical Scholarship in an Era of Corporate and Government Surveillance.” The Political Economy of Communication 1 (2): np. http://polecom.org/index.php/polecom/article/view/23/192.

Tacchi, Jo, Jerry Watkins, and Kosala Keerthirathne. 2009. “Participatory Content Creation: Voice, Communication, and Development.” Development in Practice 19 (4-5): 573–84. doi:10.1080/09614520902866389.

Tacchi, Jo. 2011. “Open Content Creation: The Issues of Voice and the Challenges of Listening.” New Media & Society 14 (4): 652–68. doi:10.1177/1461444811422431.

Tufekci, Zeynep, and Christopher Wilson. 2012. “Social Media and the Decision to Participate in Political Protest: Observations From Tahrir Square.” Journal of Communication 62 (2): 363–79. doi:10.1111/j.1460-2466.2012.01629.x.

Varnelis, Kayz, and Anne Friedberg. 2006. “Place: Networked Place.” In Networked Publics, edited by Kazys Varnelis, 15–42. Cambridge, Mass., USA: The MIT Press.

Vashistha, Aditya, and William Thies. 2012. “IVR Junction: Building Scalable and Distributed Voice Forums in the Developing World.” 6th USENIX/ACM Workshop on Networked Systems for Developing Regions. June 15. https://www.usenix.org/system/files/conference/nsdr12/nsdr12-final4.pdf.

Veenstra, Aaron S., Narayanan Iyer, Mohammad Delwar Hossain, and Jiwoo Park. 2014. “Time, Place, Technology: Twitter as an Information Source in the Wisconsin Labor Protests.” Computers in Human Behavior 31 (February): 65–72. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2013.10.011.

Velghe, Fie. 2011. “Deprivation, Distance and Connectivity : The Adaptation of Mobile Phone Use to a Life in Wesbank, a Post-Apartheid Township in South Africa.” Discourse, Context & Media 1 (4). West Tilburg, Netherlands: 203–16. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dcm.2012.09.004.

Vicari, Stefania. 2013. “Networks of Contention: The Shape of Online Transnationalism in Early Twenty-First Century Social Movement Coalitions.” Social Movement Studies 13 (1): 92–109. doi:10.1080/14742837.2013.832621.

Von Schnitzler, Antina. 2008. “Citizenship Prepaid: Water, Calculability, and Techno-Politics in South Africa.” Journal of Southern African Studies 34 (4). Routledge: 899–917. doi:10.1080/03057070802456821.

Wallis, Cara J. 2011. “Mobile Phones without Guarantees: The Promises of Technology and the Contingencies of Culture.” New Media & Society 13 (3): 471–85. doi:10.1177/1461444810393904.

Walton, Marion. 2010. “Social Distance, Mobility and Place: Global and Intimate Genres in Geo-Tagged Photographs of Guguletu, South Africa.” In Proceedings of the 8th ACM Conference on Designing Interactive Systems – DIS ’10, 35–38. New York, New York, USA: ACM Press. doi:10.1145/1858171.1858178.

Ward, Charlotte. 2014. “M-KOPA Solar’s New Funding: A Landmark for Off Grid Energy Service Companies.” GSMA Mobile for Development Utlities Blog. February 14. http://www.gsma.com/mobilefordevelopment/m-kopa-solars-new-funding-a-landmark-for-off-grid-energy-service-companies.

Whittal, Jennifer. 2011. “The Potential Use of Cellular Phone Technology in Maintaining an up-to-Date Register of Land Transactions for the Urban Poor.” Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad 14 (3): 162–94.

Wilken, Rowan. 2014. “Mobile Media, Place, and Location.” In Routledge Companion to Mobile Media, edited by Gerard Goggin and Larissa Hjorth, 514–27. New York, New York, USA: Routledge.